Workshop: Misunderstanding, disagreement, manipulation

June 22, 2018

Workshop

Misunderstanding, disagreement, manipulation

ArgLab, IFILNOVA, Lisbon, Friday, 22 June 2018, 10:00-16:00

Room T9, Torre B, Piso 3, NOVA FCSH, Avenida de Berna 26, Lisbon

Part of the Values in argumentative discourse project (PTDC/MHC-FIL/0521/2014) Principal Investigator: Erich Rast

 

 

The idea of the workshop is to explore the blurred lines between disagreement, mis-understanding and manipulation in verbal exchanges. The questions to be investigated are: How do we know which of the three is at stake in a given case? How can we tell “pointless” or “defective” verbal disputes from substantive ones? What is the role of rationality in the inferential processes involved in verbal communication? To what extent and how do we correct for possible mistakes? More specifically, which inferential processes overrule the semantic code component to produce a reasonable interpretation? What is the role played by various forms of pragmatic inference here? How can manipulation enter into the process? What are the roles of both (all) speakers in this process of correction / error detection / manipulation detection? How can public argumentative processes resolve / complicate these phenomena?

 

 

 

Programme:

 

10:00-10:15

Opening: Erich Rast & Marcin Lewiński (Philosophy, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, PT)

 

10:15-11:00

Didier Maillat (Linguistics, University of Fribourg, CH)

Weakly communicated meaning vs. not-communicated meaning:

The pragmatics of misunderstanding, miscommunication, and manipulation

 

This paper constitutes an attempt at a pragmatic cartography of communicative derailments. Adopting a post-Gricean, cognitivist approach to meaning elaboration (Carston 2002, Wilson & Sperber 2012), I will review the various types of miscommunication that can take place during verbal interaction, be they intentional or accidental. In doing so, I will address the definitional conundrum of arriving at a notion of communicative breakdown in a non-deterministic view of communicated meaning. I will question the centrality of speaker intention in establishing communicative disruptions. Finally, following a relevance-theoretic typology of inferential meaning, I will investigate how communicative breakdown (Bara 2010) can be described for non-truth-conditional meaning.

 

11:00-11:45

Steve Oswald (Linguistics, University of Fribourg, CH)

On some pragmatic puzzles about insinuation

 

Insinuation can be said to have a hybrid communicative status that is problematic for contemporary pragmatic accounts: on the one hand, its content is supposed to be recognised by the audience, but on the other the speaker’s intention to have its content recognised by the audience should not be manifest (according to the overwhelming majority of extant accounts). In other words, insinuation is communicatively covert – and most pragmatic models deal with overt communication.

This talk (i) outlines the main challenges that pragmatic research needs to overcome to account for insinuation, (ii) assesses the relevance of recent work on covert meaning to deal with this issue and (iii) discusses the possibility of a pragmatic account of insinuation in terms of the concepts of commitment attribution, intention satisfaction and intention fulfilment.

 

11:45-12:00 Coffee break

 

12:00-12:45

Javier Gonzalez de Prado Salas (Philosophy, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, PT)

No (social) norm for implicature

 

It has become popular to claim that assertion is governed by an epistemic norm, for instance William-son’s knowledge norm. One may wonder whether the non-assertoric, indirect communication of contents via implicatures is also subject to analogous epistemic norms. Adam Green has recently proposed that there is such a norm for implicatures, although it is weaker than the norm of assertion (‘An Epistemic Norm for Implicature’, The Journal of Philosophy, 2017). In this talk I offer reasons to resist the idea that implicated contents are governed by similar (perhaps weaker) norms to those regulating assertoric communication. Speaker can always reject recording merely implicated contents in the public conversational score, and in this way they can try to get their message across while avoiding the responsibility to vindicate a publicly undertaken commitment.

 

12:45-14:00 Lunch

 

14:00-14:45

Pedro Abreu & Marcin Lewiński (Philosophy, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, PT)

Misunderstanding, disagreement, and successful communication 

 

The goal of the paper is to investigate and eventually abandon the idea of a sharp dichotomy between “defective” verbal disputes induced by misunderstandings and substantive disputes grounded in genuine disagreements. The scope and philosophical value of the category of merely-verbal-and-hence-pointless-dispute has been greatly exaggerated in a wave of recent papers (Chalmers 2011; Jenkins 2014; Rott 2015; Van Laar & Krabbe 2018; Vermeulen 2018). While others argue that at least some verbal disputes are actually worth having (Balcerak Jackson 2014; Ludlow 2014; Plunkett 2015; Plunkett & Sundell 2013), we question the very discernibility between verbal and substantive issues and argue that pure and pointless verbalness is confined to a specific range of unexciting cases.

 

14:45-15:30

Dima Mohammed (Philosophy, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, PT)

Disagreement network and misunderstanding. The #MeToo controversy as a case in point

 

In today’s ‘networked’ public sphere, countless controversies roam out there creating a challenge for arguers and analysts alike. Keeping under control the contribution one’s arguments make to the different interrelated issues requires careful craft. This is no easy task: often, misunderstandings occur and apologies follow. In this talk, I discuss the #MeToo controversy as an example. In order to capture what is at stake, I suggest to examine the argument as emerging to manage the disagreement (Jackson & Jacobs 1980) as part of a complex network where distinct lines of disagreement in relation to different issues crisscross and overlap (Lewiński & Mohammed 2015).

 

Back to previous page


Events

All Events

Manuel Garcia Carpintero's talk - 14 December, 2PM

Singular Reference in Fictional Discourse?

December 14, 2018

Javier Gonzalez de Prado Salas, 12 Dec, 15:30 to 16:30

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | "Regulation, selection and…

December 12, 2018

Chrysi Rapanta, 4 Dec 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Bewilderment as a predictor of different…

December 04, 2018

The Mechanistic Approach in Biology and Cognition (Inter-University workshop), 9h-19h, 20th Nov

An Inter-University Workshop held on the 20th of November organised…

November 20, 2018

Marcin Lewiński. 6 Nov 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Speech act pluralism in polylogues"

November 06, 2018

Felipe Oliveira, 26 October 2018, 11h, Room I&D 006

Reason-giving as an expressive speech act

October 26, 2018

Value Seminar Talk by Rosalice Pinto, 16:00, Sala B1 1.15

Talk by Rosalice Pinto (CEDIS) at 16 o'clock, Sala B1…

October 26, 2018

Erich Rast, 28 September 2018, 11h, Sala 0.06ID

Value Seminar Talk by Erich Rast (IFILNOVA): Reasons for the…

September 28, 2018

Book Launch: Schizophrenia and Common Sense: explaining the relation between madness and social values with Thomas Fuchs

Schizophrenia and Common Sense: explaining the relation between madness and…

June 25, 2018

Workshop: Misunderstanding, disagreement, manipulation

The idea of the workshop is to explore the blurred…

June 22, 2018

Katharina Stevens, 18 June 2018, 14h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Argument-Design through Role-Taking"

June 18, 2018

Workshop: Communication and metaphors for health. An educational challenge

The workshop discusses the importance of communication and metaphors in…

June 01, 2018

Inês Hipólito, 30th May 11:00 - 12:00

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar |"Perception as Cognition: Beyond…

May 30, 2018

Dima Mohammed, 28 May 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Proposals for the examination of networked…

May 28, 2018

Jakob Krebs, 16 May, 15h to 16h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar |"Pictorial Models, Imagination, and…

May 16, 2018

Mehmet Ali Üzelgün, 14 May 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Level, focus, and force of argumentative…

May 14, 2018

Virtualism and the Mind: Rethinking Presence, Representation and the Self

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning Workshop "Virtualism and the Mind"

April 23, 2018

João Leite, 16 April 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "An Online Social Debating System"

April 16, 2018

Klaus Gärtner, 20 Mar, 2018, 14.30h to 15.30h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar |"4E Cognition: Radical or…

March 20, 2018

Javier Gonzalez de Prado Salas, 19 March 2018, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Reasoning as a self-doubter"

March 19, 2018

Erich Rast, 16.3., Sala 1.05 ID, 16h

Value Seminar Session with Erich Rast, Sala 1.05 ID 16h

March 16, 2018

Value Seminar Marcin Lewiński, Sala 105 ID 16h

Value Seminar with Marcin Lewiński, Sala 1.05 ID 16h

March 09, 2018

Value Seminar Dima Mohammed, Sala 105 ID 16h

Value Seminar with Dima Mohammed, Sala 1.05 ID 16h

March 02, 2018

The 1st European Conference on Argumentation

International Conference | Argumentation and Reasoned Action

June 09, 2015

Institutions

IFIL FCSH/NOVA
Faculdade de Direito Universidade Nova de Lisboa
FCSH
UNL
FCT