18/20 April 2017, 10h
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Avenida de Berna 26, Lisbon
Edifício I&D - Room "Multiusos 3"
Modern scholarship usually considers the ‘state’ to be a stable political unit and static social institution. However, throughout history, both the trajectories of state building and the specific features of the state have developed differentially. In this lecture, we will discuss and define the concept of the state and its “capacities”—state capacities as extractive capacity, as provision of public goods and its use of force. We will examine the role of war in state-making and how the evolution of certain regime types increases demands on the state apparatus. Finally, we will explore whether the development of the state should be understood as a process embedded in a historical context, or whether we can conceive of state building as an ahistorical or unconditional process.
States fail. States can fail to provide public goods, to provide security for their citizens and prevent the intervention of external actors. States might also lose their sovereignty. In this lecture, we will discuss the circumstances under which states can be thought as “failed” across these dimensions. We will discuss several cases from developing world, as well as the dynamics of state failure “from abroad” and “from within”. We will critically evaluate the utility of the “failed state” as concept. Finally, this lecture will review contemporary cases of states we might believe to be developed and resilient, but have come under threat of failure.
Andrea Ruggeri (PhD 2011, University of Essex) is Associate Professor of International Relations and joined Brasenose College and the Department of Politics an International Relations at the University of Oxford in September 2014. Previously, he was Assistant Professor of International Relations at the University of Amsterdam from 2010. His current research deals with civil wars and peacekeeping. His broader research interests include collective political violence, state development, and comparative politics. His work has been published in several academic journals, including the British Journal of Political Science, International Security, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research as well as edited volumes. Ruggeri serves as a member of the Peacekeeping Working group organised by the Folke Bernadotte Academy (Sweden) and is an active member of the Network of European Peace Scientists. He also holds the posts of Research Fellow at the Michael Nicholson Centre for Conflict and Cooperation, University of Essex and Associate Member of Nuffield College, Oxford. He also serves as a member of the steering committee of the Centre for International Studies, Oxford.
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