Arguments and decisions in contexts of uncertainty

Vasco Correia



This project focuses on the impact of cognitive illusions on argumentative reasoning. Its main purpose is to develop a theory of argumentation capable of conciliating the traditional logical and dialogical standards on the one hand, and the cognitive limitations of human reasoning in real-life contexts, on the other hand (biases and heuristics).

Despite the profusion of empirical studies showing that cognitive illusions affect the rationality of people’s thinking in everyday contexts (Adler & Rips 2008, Gilovitch, Griffin & Kahneman 2002), some of the most prominent theories of argumentation fail to take this issue into account and continue to bring forward models, rules and norms meant to be applied by ideally rational agents in the best of worlds.

In contrast, this investigation seeks to elucidate the conditions under which normative theories of argumentation can effectively–rather than merely formally–promote the rationality of debates. Of particular interest are the methods and strategies developed by the theorists of “bounded rationality” in the realm of decision-making aimed at satisficing (rather than maximizing) the agent’s interest (Simon 1982, Elster 2007, Gigerenzer 2002). The methodological assumption here is that a similar overhaul of normative standards needs to be conducted in the realm of argumentation.

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All Events

Assimakis Tseronis, 16 October 2017, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Multimodal Argumentation: Building Bridges between Argumentation…

October 16, 2017

Andrés Soria Ruiz, 13th October 2017, 11h

Talk by Andrés Soria Ruiz, Institut Nicod | Fr. 13.10.2017…

October 13, 2017

Andy Clark, 13th October 2017, 16:15.

Andy Clark on Expecting the World: Prediction, Action, and the…

October 13, 2017

Workshop on Legal evidence and argumentation

The workshop aims at exploring the notion of expert-based evidence…

October 11, 2017

RIP Seminar with Rob Clowes, 4th October 2017 at 16h.

Mind & Cognition RIP Seminar on Material Agency and Strong…

October 04, 2017

Marcin Lewiński, 2 October 2017, 16h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Disagreeing, misunderstanding and strawmanning"

October 02, 2017

Sérgio Mascarenhas, Trumping Truth, 16:00 Sala 606 Torre B

Value Seminar Talk by Sérgio Mascarenhas (CEDIS-FDUNL) on "Trumping Truth"

September 29, 2017

Anna Ciaunica, The Touched Self, 16:30 - 18:00

Mind & Cognition Seminar: The Touched Self: Proximal Intersubjectivity and…

September 19, 2017

Values in Argumentation – Values of Argumentation, 28-29 June 2017

International conference

June 28, 2017

Dima Mohammed, 30 May 2017, 10h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "The multiple issues in a public…

May 30, 2017

Marianne Doury, 16 May 2017, 10h

ArgLab Research Colloquium} "The argumentative reference to the rule of…

May 16, 2017

David H. Zarefsky, Monday 8 May 2017, 12h


May 08, 2017

Henrike Jansen, 2 May 2017, 10h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Strategic manoeuvring in the judge’s argumentation…

May 02, 2017

Andrea Ruggeri, 18/20 April 2017, 10h

1st IFILNOVA Conference on Political and Moral Philosophy

April 18, 2017

Argumentation and energy policies: Theoretical considerations, empirical results

ArgLab International Workshop

March 30, 2017

Robert Clowes, 21 March 2017, 10h

ArgLab Research Colloquium

March 21, 2017

Larry S. Temkin, 7 March 2017, 10h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Rethinking the Good—A Small Taste"

March 07, 2017


Faculdade de Direito Universidade Nova de Lisboa