Title of the project:  Values in Argumentative Discourse


         PI: Erich Rast (email: erich@snafu.de)

                     Grant number: PTDC/MHC-FIL/0521/2014
                     Duration: 2016-2019
                     Funding agency: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
                     Budget: 160000 EUR


Project's description:


The project addresses a discrepancy between two popular, yet seemingly incompatible views concerning the way we argue about values. On the one hand, in everyday conversations it is sometimes claimed that you cannot argue about personal preferences, a view reflected by proverbial slogans like “Every man to his taste”, “Tastes differ” or “One man’s meat is another man’s poison”. In the philosophical literature it has even been claimed that when two persons disagree about matters of taste they may both be right – each of them in his own way, on the basis of possibly different criteria. This position has been called ‘semantic relativism’ to set it apart from more obvious and less controversial positions about the context sensitivity of value predicates. On the other hand, hardly anybody would deny that you can and sometimes have to argue about values that go above and beyond personal taste. Value-laden questions like “How much welfare should the state provide?” or “How safe must this nuclear power plant be?” need to be discussed rationally, some moral philosophers would claim that they have objective answers, and they can in any case hardly just be a matter of personal taste. But how can we argue about such matters in a rational way, by providing reasons and well-formed justifications rather than merely trying to persuade others, if the basis of our assessments is values that one person may endorse and others reject? And how can the individual standpoints of participants in such a discourse be characterized insofar as values are concerned? Values seem to play a crucial role both in the assessment of how ‘good’ an argument is as well as in some types of arguments themselves.



Members of the project:

  • Pedro Abreu (IFILNOVA)
  • Per Algander (IFILNOVA)
  • Michael Baumtrog (School of Business Management, Ryerson University, Canada)
  • Bianca Cepollaro (University of Milan, Italy)
  • Daniele Chiffi (Technical University of Milan, Italy)
  • Vasco Correia (IFILNOVA)
  • Fritz-Anton Fritzson (University of Geneva, Switzerland & Lund University, Sweden)
  • Marcin Lewinski (IFILNOVA)
  • Fabrizio Macagno (IFILNOVA)
  • Poppy Mankowitz (IFILNOVA)
  • Dina Mendonça (IFILNOVA)
  • Dima Mohammed (IFILNOVA)
  • Rosalice Pinto (CEDIS, UNL)
  • Javier Gonzáles de Prado Salas (UNED University, Spain)





All Events

2nd ERB Project Workshop: Wittgenstein, Nature, and Religion

2nd ERB Project Workshop

July 29, 2020

Dina Mendonça 8 July, 2020

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Why the Situated…

July 08, 2020

Dave Ward, 12 June 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Friendly Sensorimotor Generalists

June 12, 2020

Gloria Andrada (w/Robert Clowes), 3 June, 2020, 15.00h to 16.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Transparency in Extended…

June 02, 2020

Alice Crary, 8 May 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Dehumanization and the Question of Animals

May 08, 2020

Alan Cienki, 17 April 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Pragmatic functions of gesture on different…

April 17, 2020

Catarina Dutilh Novaes, 13 March 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | The role of trust in argumentation

March 13, 2020

Two-day Masterclass on Wittgenstein’s Epistemology of Religion

ERB Masterclass 2020

February 26, 2020

Fabrizia Garavaglia, 19 February, 2020, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | A situated approach…

February 19, 2020

Florian Franken Figueiredo, 14 Feb 2020, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Philosophy for Children and the Socratic…

February 14, 2020

Abraham Sapién, 22 January, 2020, 12.00h to 13.00

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | The Structure of…

January 22, 2020

DISARGUE Workshop 19-20 Dec 2019


December 19, 2019

Hili Razinsky, 11 December, 2019, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Interpersonal communication and…

December 11, 2019

Herman Cappelen, 6 December 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | Conceptual Engineering: Under our Control?

December 06, 2019

Dima Mohammed, 15 Nov 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "Discursive depoliticisation: From argumentation to explanation"

November 15, 2019

Rob Vinten, 6 Nov, 2019, 12.00h to 13.00h

Lisbon Mind & Reasoning RIP Seminar | Wittgenstein, Buddhism, and…

November 06, 2019

Vito Evola, 11 October 2019, 11h

ArgLab Research Colloquium | "More than words: Worldmaking and stancetaking…

October 11, 2019


Faculdade de Direito Universidade Nova de Lisboa